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Sanjo: Christine Mandalu mirrored in a bucket of water she has drawn from the Oxfam-installed tapstand at Sanjo, Chamaguha Ward.

The tapstand is one of more than 50 set up in the Shinyanga suburbs by a partnership of Oxfam, the community, and the local water authority SHUWASA. The project has provided clean water and improved sanitation and refuse collection for 35,000 people in seven of Shinyanga town’s 13 wards, where life became almost unsustainable during severe droughts in 1994-95 and 1999-2000. The town supply has been increased from a maximum of 6000 to 10,000 cubic meters per day. This has reduced the cost of water, and the incidence of cholera and other water-borne infections which killed hundreds of people. It has built a community infrastructure to support delivery and cost recovery for these services, and has helped train and support staff in the regional water authority, Shuwasa, to carry the work forward into the future. Funding for 2003-2004 is consolidating the team of facilitators needed to support the water and sanitation committees at street and ward level to improve their financial skills, accountability, gender awareness, and public information work around HIV/AIDS.